Project Management
The expansion of human societies and the increasing needs of the world and due to limited resources, correct and rapid implementation of projects became of particular importance and the beginning of scientific management of projects. In other words, project management is a process to achieve predetermined goals according to There are 3 limiting factors (time, cost and quality) so project management means:
“Planning activities, organizing, supervising the implementation and guidance of the project in a specific period of time with the desired cost and quality”
In project management, there are many methods and methods that are adopted according to the type of project, time and place of project implementation and its special conditions. How project management has a direct impact on achieving its goals. Project management approach is a completely contingent approach influenced by time and place. It is a type of project, but by formulating the subject, we can ensure the correctness of the decisions made. The first standard series of project management knowledge (Project Management Body Of Knowledge), abbreviated as PMBOK, was developed by the APM Project Management Association in 1992 Has been reviewed 4 times. This standard contains requirements for project management that guarantee the achievement of project objectives. According to PMBOK, each project is divided into 5 initial stages, planning, implementation, control and closing, and this standard provides practical guidance and guidelines for the successful implementation of these 5 stages. ) Developed the global standard ISO 10006 and this international standard will be a successful alternative to other methods of project management in the world. Other standards in this area can be standardized. PRINCE 2 In Europe, the implementation of these standards is especially recommended for companies implementing large industrial and construction projects or participating in international tenders.
Areas of project management knowledge include:
• Project Integrity: Displays the processes required by the project to ensure
• Project scope: Examine the limitations in the activities of project members
• Project Time: Review processes to ensure the project is completed on time
• Project cost: Review to ensure the approved budget framework for project completion
• Project quality: reviewing the effective necessities in project implementation
• Project Procurement: Review and provide the necessary goods and services to be present in the project
• Project Human Resources: Determines how to best employ people in the project
• Project Communications: Ensuring the production, collection, publication and timely distribution of project information
• Project risk: is the process that controls and manages the response to project risk